A CV is a Marketing Tool. . .
- Summarizes your experiences that are of interest to potential employers.
- Shows relevance of qualifications.
- Establishes enough interest to land an interview.
Building a great CV is the single most important thing you can do when searching for a new job.
- Employers only spend 20 seconds per resume
- Recruitment is not like ‘Indian Idol’ – everyone is NOT invited for an audition. Only 10-20 applicants make it after the first cut.
- CV becomes the basis for the interview
- Reminder of the impression you made during the interview
Types of CVs
There are basically two types of CVs:
Chronological: A CV written in a chronological order – by time.
Functional: A CV that groups skills and experience in a way to best demonstrate a person’s match for a particular job.
We will focus on the chronological CV because…
- The chronological CV is a good format
- Easy to read by the recruiter
- Less time consuming to prepare
Suggested elements of a CV
- Identifying Information
- Relevant Coursework / Academic Projects
- Work Experience
- Activities, Leadership, and Service
- Awards /Honors
- Publications / Conferences
- References (separate page)
- Present and Permanent Address
- Telephone Numbers
- Email Address – make it professional!
- Web Page (if appropriate)
Example – Identifying Information
22-B, DHA Phase IV, Lahore, Pakistan
Ph: +92 42 1234567 / Cell: +92 3** 1234567
- A statement that indicates to an employer the type of position you are interested in pursuing.
- One sentence that describes your employment goals clearly and concisely.
- Not what the employer can do for you, but what you can do for the employer.
- Avoid vague phrases that focus on what you will gain from the experience.
- Do not use “I”
Examples – Objective
- A seasoned academician with vast training, high motivation and well educated seeking to excel in a career teaching the future generation.
- A human resources expert, with three years experience looking to apply knowledge and social skills into a management role
- A commercially minded recent business graduate with experience of a sales internship is seeking a career in management of sales in a large organization
- List the name and location (city, country) of your college/university.
- List newest degree first.
- GPA or % – only if it is 3.0 or higher (more than 60%)
- Year of graduation
- Do not list future educational plans in this section
- Continuing educational programmes should be mentioned as ‘Ongoing’
Example – Education
PakEducators Business School & College, Pakistan
BBA in Finance, July2011
Or you can also write
MBA, Human Resources, July 2011
Punjab University, Lahore
- List your job title, name of department, name of organization, city, and dates of employment.
- Use action verbs to start each responsibility.
- Avoid pronouns – incomplete sentences are OKAY! Ah! Hmn!
- Can be listed as Internship, Volunteer, Work, Relevant, Additional or Leadership Experience.
- List experiences in reverse chronological order
- May create a separate section, ‘Leadership Experience’
- List each experience separately.
- List relevant projects and its results.
- Use action verbs
- Brag – do not downplay but do not exaggerate either
Example – Work Experience
PakEducators Public School, Islamabad Jan 2009 – June 2010
- Ensured that the learning objectives set for Science Teachers were met for all 300 students
- Trained 50 teachers in learning techniques
- Coordinated daily activities and special events for students
- Tutored students with learning disabilities
Example – Leadership Experience
Institute of Business Administration- Multan
Project Leader Mar 201o – Aug 2011
Led a team of 11 faculty members to analyze the nature of problems faced by students living in hostels
- Organized 6 student discussion sessions
- Presented suggestions for implementation of a new residential plan for students
- Reduced student dissatisfaction by 17%
- Communication, verbal and written
- Interpersonal skills
- Strong work ethic
- Spoken Languages
- List organizations that you belong to.
- List professional memberships.
- May include year(s) that you participated in each activity.
- Have a separate page of References.
- Create a list of references including name, title, business address, phone number, and email.
- Choose mostly employment references.
- Always ask permission from individuals before listing them as references.
- Check thoroughly for spelling mistakes & formatting errors
- Use short sentences.
- Ensure all dates are correct
- Use good quality plain white A4 paper if you are printing your CV.
- Use bullet points.
- Try to stick to 2-3 pages.
- Go for eye appeal
- List strong area firstPGet feedback on your final product
- Use pictures or photos on CV
- State any personal information
- (age, marital status, height / weight, Number of children etc.)
- List salary requirement
- Try and be humorous (recruitment is serious)
- Leave gaps in employment
- Use fancy fonts and borders
- Lie or exaggerate about anything on your CV
- Offer any negative information
- Provide reasons for leaving last employers